hello there I’m marc how are you today –
he opened the window although I told him not to – they decided not to leave not
that anyone would miss them – even if he had time to review the lesson he
wouldn’t – much as I like Toronto I wouldn’t live there – the firm idea of
profit in spite of paying higher taxes – there no attractive physically she
possessed a great personality – in this lesson we’re going to take a look at
excessive clauses so stay tuned – a clause which begins with a
subordinating conjunction is called a subordinating clause there are three
kinds of subordinating clauses adverbial relative and reported in this
lesson we’re going to take a look at adverbial clauses there are eight types
of adverbial clauses conditional purpose reason result place manner time and
concessive clauses if you wish to watch a lesson on time classes you can click
here concessive clauses are used when you
have two statements and you want one to contrast or show surprise with the
other one some concessive clauses are although despite even if even though though except that in spite of much as not that etc let’s look at how to use them so of
course the first one will be to contrast and we use although though even though or while like in my example he opened the window comma although I told him not to – so here we show a contrast with the main Clause so he opened the
window although contrast although I told him not to let’s take a look at yet another
example while John did well at high school comma he wasn’t admitted to
college so we have a contrast while John did well at high school then he wasn’t
admitted to college what about if you don’t want to use although you can
replace it with not that but pay attention because we need to change the
sentence so the sentence has to be negative let’s take a look at my
example they’ve decided not to leave not that anyone would miss them – so let’s
take a look at this sentence they’ve decided not to leave and then we have DASH is important here not that and here is the concessive clause anyone would miss
them not that anyone so that’s a negative statement anyone because we
have anyone not that anyone would miss them it’s also the first conditional right
if you wish to watch a lesson or two lessons about the first conditional you
may click here you can use even if to say that something which is probably
true does not affect the truth of something else for example even if he
had time to review the lesson he wouldn’t this is an example of the
second conditional so he even if he had time to review the lesson he wouldn’t
what about if you want to show your strong feeling then you use much as
instead of although let’s take a look at my example much as I like Toronto I
wouldn’t live there it’s the same as saying although I like Toronto very much I
wouldn’t live there pay attention I said although I like Toronto very much I
wouldn’t live there I prefer to use much as I like Toronto because it shows a
strong feeling if I use much as the next point use despite and in spite of at the
beginning of a non-finite concession clause just like my example the firm had
a year of profit in spite of paying higher taxes I could have said despite a
higher taxes comma the firm had a year of profit remember that despite takes
ING verb so despite paying higher taxes and so on I could
have said although they paid higher taxes the firm had a year of profit so
I’m going to erase this and we’re going to take a look at the last point so
we’re back with the last point are you ready although though while or whilst
which is a formal way to say while are also used in front of noun groups adjective groups and adjuncts so instead of saying he agreed on their terms though he had
many reservations you can even say he agreed on their terms though with many
reservations so you can replace he had many reservations with a noun group
though with many reservations so one of my introductory examples was although
she wasn’t physically attractive she possessed a great personality and to
replace it with an adjective group we can even say – though not physically
attractive she possessed a great personality as you can see we have many
ways of saying the same thing using concessive clauses so can you complete
this sentence _______ you take your car to work you’ll still miss your
appointment so that’s it for today thank you very much for watching if you have
any comments requests or if you want to post your own example please type them
under this video don’t forget I have a community section in my channel so
please take part of it have a great day and see you next week with a new English
lesson take care bye bye